Samsung and TSMC Can Manufacture 3nm Chipsets: How Far Technology Has Been Gone?

We are living around more advanced technology. We hear new reports every day, but, everything you see around right now today, it was invented before a certain time period. Because everything around in technology world is stable and that’s because it is released in a well developed stable version.

Samsung and TSMC are the two most popular semiconductor manufacturing company when it comes to smartphone processors. Of course, Qualcomm might strike first. But, Samsung and TSMC manufacture chipsets. And now, these both companies can also manufacture chipset using the 3nm process which would be more power efficient and deliver the high-level performance you have never imagined.

Back in 2016, TSMC first announces that the company has plans to manufacture 3nm semiconductor manufacturing plants with an investment of around $15.7 billion US dollars. However, the company has announced that it would release the first 3nm chipset in the year 2022. While later on in early 2019, Samsung announced that the company would start manufacturing 3nm semiconductor soon which will make a debut in 2021.

If you don’t know, the first semiconductor was launched in 1971 which was manufactured using 10µm process. And over the course of 50 years, now manufacturers have developed 3nm process technology.

We have seen the different process used to manufacture chipsets. Recalling the history, the 32nm to 14nm chipset manufactured using FD-SOI (Silicon on Insulator) process, while 15nm to 10nm chipset manufactured through Fin-Fet process, and further small chipset has been manufactured through EUV (Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography) process. Compared to TSMC’s 7nm manufacturing technology, Samsung’s 7nm EUV technology is more advanced.

The numbers are still on paper. Because we also need to consider the overall cost. Since 3nm chipset adds some more new twists which include the insertion of Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography for more critical layers. So, more electrical and physical effects would affect the yield of aging as well as reliability after manufacturing. Each node below the 10-7nm becoming much more difficult to manufacture and more time-consuming. Also, the effective cost is higher.

Technology will definitely keep growing. However, it would arguably take time to become more reliable.


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